Erica carnea – Winter Heath

Botanical Family Ericaceae

Bloom Time January – March

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Tetrad

Aperture Number >6

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Psilate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 

Shape Round

Pollen Color Light Green, Green

Lonicera fragrantissima – Fragrant Honeysuckle

Botanical Family Caprifoliaceae

Bloom Time March – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 56

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Helleborus foetidus – Stinking Hellebore

 

Botanical Family Ranunculaceae

Bloom Time February – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Semi-tectate

Size (um) 23

Shape Round

Pollen Color Light Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

The Helleborus foetidus is the most visited by honey bees of the Hellebore species.

Resources

Lindtner, Peter (2014). Garden Plants for Honey Bees. Wicwas Press, LLC, Kalamazoo, MI.

Gelsemium sempervirens – Carolina Yellow Jasmine

Botanical Family Gelsemiaceae

Bloom Time February – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Striate/Perforate

Tectum Semitectate

Size (um)

Shape Round 

Pollen Color

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source

Nectar Source

Flower photo contributed by Mount Cuba

Galanthus nivalis – Snowdrop

Botanical Family Amaryllidaceae

Bloom Time February

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 25

Shape Oval

Pollen Color Orange, Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Helleborus niger – Black Hellebore

Botanical Family Ranunculaceae

Bloom Time February – March

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellowish Tan

Honey Bee Resource

Pollen Source • • 

Nectar Source • •