Erica carnea – Winter Heath

Botanical Family Ericaceae

Bloom Time January – March

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Tetrad

Aperture Number >6

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Psilate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 

Shape Round

Pollen Color Light Green, Green

Lonicera fragrantissima – Fragrant Honeysuckle

Botanical Family Caprifoliaceae

Bloom Time March – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 56

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Helleborus foetidus – Stinking Hellebore

 

Botanical Family Ranunculaceae

Bloom Time February – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Semi-tectate

Size (um) 23

Shape Round

Pollen Color Light Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

The Helleborus foetidus is the most visited by honey bees of the Hellebore species.

Resources

Lindtner, Peter (2014). Garden Plants for Honey Bees. Wicwas Press, LLC, Kalamazoo, MI.

Gelsemium sempervirens–Carolina Yellow Jasmine

 

Botanical Family Gelsemiaceae

Bloom Time February – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Striate/Perforate

Tectum Semitectate

Size (um)

Shape Round 

Pollen Color

Galanthus nivalis – Snowdrop

Botanical Family Amaryllidaceae

Bloom Time February

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 25

Shape Oval

Pollen Color Orange, Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Helleborus niger – Black Hellebore

Botanical Family Ranunculaceae

Bloom Time February – March

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellowish Tan

Honey Bee Resource

Pollen Source • • 

Nectar Source • •