Achillea ‘Moonshine’ – Yarrow

Botanical Family Asteraceae

Bloom Time June – September

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Semitectate

Size (um)

Shape Round

Pollen Color Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source

Nectar Source

Chrysanthemum rubellum – Chrysanthemum


Botanical Family
 Asteraceae

Bloom Time October

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Semitectate

Size (um) 30

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellow, Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source •

Nectar Source •

Verbascum chaixii – Nettle-Leaved Mullein

Botanical Family: Scrophulariaceae

Bloom Time May – July

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 

Shape Round

Pollen Color Orange, Red

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • •

Nectar Source •

Taraxacum officinale – Dandelion

Botanical Family Asteraceae

Bloom Time March – December

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Porate

Ornamentation Lophate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 35

Shape Round

Pollen Color Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source

Nectar Source

Pollen Load Identification

Taraxacum pollen load is typically a large packet on the corbicula, but the pollen can also be found dusted on the head and antennae, and posterior thorax and abdomen of a foraging bee.

Resources

Hodges, D. (1952). The pollen loads of the honey bee: a guide to their identification by colour and form. London: Bee Research Assoc. Ltd.

Lindtner, P. (2014). Garden Plants for Honey Bees. Kalamazzo: Wicwas Press.

Rudbeckia fulgida – Orange Coneflower

Botanical Family Asteraceae

Bloom Time June – October

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 27

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellow, Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • •

Nectar Source •

Flower photos contributed by Mount Cuba

Lycoris squamigera – Ressurection Lily

Botanical Family Amaryllidaceae

Bloom Time August-September

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcus

Ornamentation Reticulate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 83

Shape Oval

Pollen Color Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source •

Nectar Source •

Leucojum aestivum – Summer Snowflake

Botanical Family Amaryllidaceae

Bloom Time April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcate

Ornamentation Perforate/Granulate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 38

Shape Round 

Pollen Color Yellow, Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • •

Nectar Source • •