Lamium purpureum – Purple Deadnettle

Botanical Family Lamiaceae

Bloom Time May – November

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Mircoreticulate

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 31

Shape Triangular

Pollen Color Orange, Red

Pollen Load Identification 

Honey bee foragers collecting Lamium purpureum will typically also have a pollen dusting on their head and antennae.

Lamium spp. are valuable for brood building. All members of the mint family are attractive to bees.

Source

Hodges, D. (1952). The pollen loads of the honey bee: a guide to their identification by colour and form. London: Bee Research Assoc. Ltd.

Sammataro, D. and Harman, A. (2013). “Major Flowers Important to Honey Bees in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States”. AlphaGraphics, Tucson, AZ.

Galanthus nivalis – Snowdrop

Botanical Family Amaryllidaceae

Bloom Time February

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 25

Shape Oval

Pollen Color Orange, Yellow

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Hedera helix – English Ivy

Botanical Family Araliaceae

Bloom Time September – October

 Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Reticulate

Tectum Semitectate

Size (um)

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellow, Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Eschscholzia californica – Californian Poppy

Botanical Family Papaveraceae

Bloom Time June – July

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 6

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Semitectate

Size (um)

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellow, Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • •

Nectar Source •

Crocus speciosus – Bieberstein’s Crocus

 

Botanical Family Iridaceae

Bloom Time September – November

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number N/A

Aperture Type Inaperturate

Ornamentation Striate, Porate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Round

Pollen Color Orange

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

Crocus vernus – Crocus Pickwick

 

Botanical Family Iridaceae

Bloom Time March – April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 0-1

Aperture Type Inaperturate

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 102

Shape Round

Pollen Color Yellowish orange

Honey Bee Resource

Pollen Source • • • 

Nectar Source • •