Cirsium arvense – Creeping Thistle

Botanical Family Asteraceae

Bloom Time July – September

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 46

Shape Oval

Pollen Color Tan, Light Green, Green

When plentiful, thistles can yield a summer honey crop which is reported to be white with a mild, delicious flavor.

Resources

Sammataro, D. and Harman, A. (2013). “Major Flowers Important to Honey Bees in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States”. AlphaGraphics, Tucson, AZ.

Vinca minor – Common Periwinkle

Botanical Family Apocynaceae

Bloom Time May – June

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Oval

Pollen Color Tan, Light Yellow, White

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source •

Nectar Source • •

Liriodendron tulipifera – Tulip Tree

Botanical Family Magnoliaceae

Bloom Time May – June

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcate

Ornamentation Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 24

Shape Round

Pollen Color Cream, White, Tan

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • • • •

Flower photo contributed by Mount Cuba

Fothergilla gardenii – Dwarf Fothergilla

Botanical Family Hamamelidaceae

Bloom Time April – May

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 1

Aperture Type Sulcus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Round 

Pollen Color White, Tan

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source •

Nectar Source •

Flower photo contributed by Mount Cuba

Crataegus phaenopyrum–Washington Hawthorne

 

 

Botanical Family Rosaceae

Bloom Time June

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Granulate/Perforate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Triangular

Pollen Color White, Tan

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source • • •

Nectar Source • • •

 

Cichorium intybus – Chickory

Botanical Family Asteraceae

Bloom Time May – October

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Compound

Ornamentation Echinate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um) 43

Shape Round

Pollen Color Tan, Light Yellow, Cream

Honey Bee Resources

Pollen Source

Nectar Source

Pollen Load Identification

Cichorium intybus is typically found on the head and antennae of a forging bee, along with in the pollen basket.

 

 

 

Chaenomeles japonica – Japanese Quince

Botanical Family Rosaceae

Bloom Time April

Pollen Characteristics

Dispersal Unit Monad

Aperture Number 3

Aperture Type Colpus

Ornamentation Striate

Tectum Eutectate

Size (um)

Shape Triangular  

Pollen Color Tan, Dark yellow, Green

Honey Bee Resource

Pollen Source • •

Nectar  Source • • •